>> BRIEF NOTE ABOUT CID(CRIME) MIZORAM
The Criminal Investigation Department (Crime Branch) is a part of the State Police Organization, which exercises a general watch and control on the functions of the State Police relating to crime covering all the aspects of prevention, investigation and detection of crime. It is concerned with collection and record of information relating to crimes and criminals. It also deals with matters relating to study and research, criminology and social defense.
The State Crime Branch was set up in the year 1975 along with the Anti-Corruption Branch. Its establishment came into full-fledged and independently functioning since 1977 with a limited staff to cover the complete area of importance inside and outside Mizoram. Aims and objects of the establishment were to solve the problem of various crimes spreading over the State including smuggling of Heroin and dangerous drugs etc.
The Criminal Investigation Department (Crime Branch) came into existence as an independent unit in 1977 under an officer of the rank of Superintendent of Police designated as Superintendent of Police, Criminal Investigation Department (Crime Branch). He functions under the control and supervision of the Deputy Inspector General of Police (DIG), Criminal Investigation Department (CID).
The principal functions, among various others, of the State Criminal Investigation Department are as follows:-
1. Providing information pertaining to crime and criminals to the State Government, Central Government, Director General of Police and other authorized bodies, as and when required.
2. Preparation and publication of Criminal Intelligence Gazette.
3. General watch and control over crime in the state as a whole, and assistance to the district police in prevention, investigation and detection of crime.
4. Study of trends of certain types of crime e.g. professional crime, grave and serious crime etc. with a view to devise and recommend appropriate prevention measures.
5. Investigation of important, complicated and serious cases of crimes in which professional gang or criminals are involved and also of crimes having inter-district, Inter-State or international ramifications.
6. Management and Maintenance of State Crime Record Bureau.
7. Maintenance of handling and Photography Cell.
8. Liaison with other Departments and Organizations of the State, the Criminal Investigation Department concerned with matters relating to crime and criminals.
9. Such other functions as may be assigned to the Branch by Director General of Police of the State.
10. Timely preparation of periodical reports, returns and publications relating to the crime and criminals.
D. OFFICERS/STAFF POSITION:
The Criminal Investigation Department (Crime Branch) apart from the ministerial Establishment consists of executive Police Officers mentioned below:-
1. Superintendent of Police, Criminal Investigation Department (Crime Branch): He is the over all in-charge of the State Crime Branch under the close supervision of the DIG (CID). He is responsible for the efficient working of the branches placed under his charge. He is responsible for timely preparation of periodical reports, returns and publications.
2. The Superintendent of Police, Criminal Investigation Department is assisted by one Additional Superintendent of Police, two Deputy Superintendent of Police and Head-Assistant and Accountant under him along with the requisite number of Ministerial staff of Sub-Inspector and Assistant Sub-Inspector. The strength of the ministerial staff depends on the volume of works.
3. Executive Staff: The remaining executive staff of the Department consists of such number of non-gazette officers and as many as is determined by the State Government. These are divided into a number of branches, each of which are entrusted with the conduct of a particular tasks assigned to him. They are also directly responsible for action. Movement, good conduct and efficient performance of duties on the part of their subordinates.
Present Sanctioned Strength of CID Crime, Mizoram
|Sl. No.||Name of Post||Sanctioned Strength|
|1||Superintendent of Police||1|
|2||Addl. Superintendent of Police||1|
|3||Dy. Superintendent of Police||2|
|4||Inspector of Police||9|
|11||Asstt. Sub Inspector||11|
The present incumbent of Gazette officers posted in Crime Branch is as shown below:
1. Superintendent of Police : Pu Joseph Lalchhuana, IPS
2. Addl. Superintendent of Police (Hqrs) : Pu Vanlalfaka Ralte, MPS
3. Dy. Superintendent of Police (SCRB) : Pu Zonunsanga, MPS
Under CID Crime Branch 7 (Seven) establishment are also functioning:-
A. State Crime Records Bureau (SCRB)
B. Special Narcotic Police Station (SNPS)
C. Statistics Branch
D Economic Offence Wing (EOW)
E. Anti-Human Trafficking Unit (AHTU)
F. Cyber Crime Cell
G. Photo Cell
A. STATE CRIME RECORD BUREAU (SCRB)
The main objective of the State Crime Record Bureau is management of crime records and to act as a clearing house of Crime and Criminal Information System. The Crime Criminal Information System is used by the Police Organization and other government organization only.
State Crime Records Bureau (SCRB) was created in the year 1992 at Police Headquarter with only two staff. At present the sanction strength of the SCRB is 1 Inspector, 4 SIs and 5 ASIs. In 1998 the SCRB was shifted to CID (Crime Branch) office, Aizawl with 3 staff. All the posts are now transferred to Crime Branch for proper functioning of the SCRB.
1. CRIME CRIMINAL INFORMATION SYSTEM(CCIS)
CCIS is the Central Project. Implementation of CCIS project in Mizoram was started in the year 1998 at CID (Crime). National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) supplied 19 numbers of Computers for SCRB and 8 (eight) for District Crime Records Bureau (DCRB) in the year 2000 and they are installed successfully each and every Districts and at SCRB. As per the instruction of NCRB, MHA New Delhi, all the Crime Data of the last 5 years (2001 2006) is to be captured into the CCIS software during June 2006 to November 2006. These Crime Data has been updated in SCRB, Data Base Server. The updated records have been threshold to National Server by using the Software and by using E-mail. Day to day crime cases is still needed to be updated and Entry of this Crime data is still daily at SCRB.
2. MOTOR VEHICLE CO-ORDINATION SYSTEM (MVCS)
MVCS Counter is planned to be opened shortly at SCRB for querying crimes related with Stolen/Recovered Motor Vehicles. The main objective of this Counter is use of data base for prevention and detection of crime concerning with Stolen/Recovered motor vehicles throughout the country. It will protect the innocent buyers from being duped into buying stolen vehicles, harassment by Law Enforcement Agencies when Vehicle purchased in good faith is later detected to be stolen. At present NOC is issued by Transport Office by DTO. All the Stolen/Recovered Motor Vehicles Data of the entire country are received from NCRB, New Delhi which required to be checked/ compare/ matching with the Stolen/ recovered motor vehicles data collected from all the districts.
4. COMMON INTEGRATED POLICE APPLICATION (CIPA)
CIPA is a new Central Project Scheme. It is divided into 3 (three) Phase. In the first phase each district Sadar Police Stations are selected and is being implemented for all the 8 Districts P.S. Being a Nodal Agency, all the initiative are taken by SCRB.
5. CRIME IN INDIA (CII), ACCIDENTAL DEATH & SUICIDES (ADAS)
At present, the annual reports of CII and ADAS are being prepared at SCRB which are submitted to NCRB, MHA, New Delhi.
7. TRAINING CONDUCTED
Several training has been conducted by SCRB and more than four hundred Police personnel had been trained.
8. CRIME AND CRIMINAL TRACKING NETWORK AND SYSTEMS (CCTNS)
Crime and Criminal Tracking Network and System (CCTNS) is a Mission Mode Project conceptualized and sponsored by the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) towards enhancing outcomes in Crime Investigation and Criminals Tracking; and in enhancing the efficiency and effectiveness of Police Departments in all States. It is proposed to achieve this through the adoption of the principles of e-Governance and creating a nationwide, networked infrastructure for supporting an ICT (Information and Communication Technologies) enabled state-of-the-art policing system.
National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) is the central nodal agency that would manage CCTNS, which would be implemented nation-wide. Law and Order being a State subject, States Governments and States Police Departments would play a leading role in implementing CCTNS.
The Crime branch is the State nodal agency and has taken up necessary steps for its successful implementation.
B. SPECIAL NARCOTIC POLICE STATION:
The State of Mizoram is 21,087 Sq. Km in area lies in the North Eastern part of India. It is bounded by Myanmar in the east and Bangladesh in the west. The border between Mizoram and Myanmar stretched to about thousands of Kilometers. Hence due to its vicinity to ‘Golden Triangle’ area, one of the world’s major opium producing regions, the drug trafficking situation in Mizoram has remained a matter of grave concern. The illegal cultivation of Opium/Cannabis has also added a further dimension to the Narcotics problems of the region. These illegal cultivation of illicit drugs has happen mainly in the eastern part of Mizoram along the Mizoram-Myanmar border. Most of the illicit drugs like Brown sugar, Opium, Heroine, Ganja etc. are coming mainly from Myanmar to India via Champhai (Mizoram) route. As a result of this, drug trafficker and drug peddlers spread across Mizoram and hence drug abuse is very common among the youths Mizoram. To counter these drug traffickers, smugglers etc. Government of Mizoram had established a Special Narcotic Police Station has succeeded in detecting Drug traffickers to a large extent.
C. Statistics Branch
1. Its main function is together information and secures intelligence on all matters which fall within its purview.
2. The information relating to these matters are collected:
(i) Special Reports and First Information Reports from District Police.
(ii) Special reports received from other state.
(iii) Sources and Agents.
(iv) Surveillance and case histories kept on record in the Crime Branch.
(vi) Interrogation of convicts and suspects.
(vii) Reports on Crime and Criminal received from officers, and
Special Reports of case falling under certain special heads of crime received from District SPs are also maintained by the Crime Branch.
D. Economic Offences Wing (EOW) : The E.O.W. handle cases pertaining to Fake Indian Currency Notes(FICN) RACKETS, Financial Intelligence, Bank Frauds, Verification and monitoring of operations of Non-Banking Financial Companies(NBFCs) and Unincorporated bodies(UIBs). 46(forty six) NBFCs and UIBs have been identified and verified in the State and reports were duly submitted to the Government. During the reported period 77(Seventy seven) suspicious bank transactions were enquired and reported were furnished to Financial Intelligence Unit(FIU), Government of India.
EOW also conducted a number of enquiry of Cyber Crime cases received from Govt.of India(i.e., Ministry of Finance, Central Bureau Investigation(CBI), Central Economic Intelligent Bureau(CEIB), Ministry of Overseas Indian Affairs etc. and furnished report to the concerned authority.
E. Anti-Human Trafficking Unit (AHTU):
The Government of India, Ministry of Home Affairs proposed to establish Anti-Human Trafficking Units in 50% of the districts in the country. As instructed by the Government of India, 2 (two) Anti-Human Trafficking Units (AHTU) have been established in Mizoram at Aizawl District and Lunglei District.
The Superintendent of Police CID (Crime) was appointed as state Anti-Human Trafficking Nodal Officer by Police Headquarters, Mizoram vide order No.CB/PHQ/C/307/ 2010/75 Dt. 02/11/2010; the email ID of the Nodal Officer is firstname.lastname@example.org.
F. Cyber Crime: Cyber Crime Cell has been set-up under SP CID Crime to deal with any crime that involves Computer and other electronic gadgets. A state of the art cyber forensic laboratory has been established in the Unit to deal with these challenges. After its inception, the cell has cracked high profile crimes involving fraud, cyber defamation, identity theft, etc.