I. BRIEF HISTORY
The establishment of Police system in Mizoram which dates back to the second half of the 19th century following the advent of the British administration. In 1862, Pu Rothangpuia, Thangluah Chief, for fear of impending raid from the neighbouring tribes sought and managed to obtain protection from the Hills Superintendent of Chittagong and agreed to keep 40 men of Frontier Police offered by the Deputy Commissioner of Chittagong at Tlabung (Demagiri). This marked the beginning of Police posts in Mizoram as the post subsequently became an important base as well as rendezvous for necessary patrolling and other operations in the Demagiri ranges. The Government constructed the present Tlabung Police Station at the expense of a mere Rs 1760/- in 1869 and the building is still standing strong weathering rough weather and the challenges of time and it has now been declared as a heritage building and is under proper care.
Till the end of the second half of the 19th century, the Mizo Chiefs were the center of authority in Mizoram and since the Mizo Chiefs frequently waded into British territories, a punitive expedition, consisting of 57 officers and 1225 men were sent into the South Lushai Hills under the command of Colonel F.V.W.Treager. The Force constructed a large timber stockade with living accommodation for 3 officers and 250 men called “Frontier Police Central Post, Lungleh’ at Lunglei on March 1889 and the post was manned by a British Officer and 212 men of the Frontier Police. By means of this post, it was hoped to dominate the Southern Lushai Hills. By 1890, the British supremacy was established in the Lushai Hills and political officers were posted both at Aizawl and Lunglei. On April 1, 1891, the South Lushai Hills became a district under the Bengal Province and was placed under C.S. Murray, Dy.SP as Superintendent of Lungleh. The Superintendent was made head of all departments, including Civil Administration in the District. In 1898, in order to solve the various administrative problems that it has created, the South Lushai Hills and the North Lushai Hills were amalgamated into one District with its Headquarters at Aizawl and was placed under Assam. The unit came to be known as Lushai Hills District under the charge of Superintendent. Accordingly, the Government set up a Civil Police Out Post at Lunglei under Sub-Inspector of Police in 1900. Now, the Outpost had been upgraded to the status of a full-fledged (Sadar) Police Station, Lunglei. This effectively paved the way for the existence of the present District Executive Force, Lunglei. In 1950, Mr.N.K.Sinha Dy.SP was posted at Lunglei as the first SDPO, Lunglei.
In 1972, Mizoram became a Union Territory and Mizoram was divided into three (3) Districts viz., Aizawl, Lunglei and Chhimtuipui District. The erstwhile Assam Police in Mizo District under Assam was converted into Mizoram Police. The first Inspector General of Police (I.G.P.) posted to Mizoram was I.J.Verma. Lunglei became a district headquarters and the post of Superintendent of Police was created, whereby Mr. A. Choudhury, IPS became the first Superintendent of Police, Lunglei on Dt. 1st Sept. 1972. Till date, Lunglei District Police has grown from strength to strength and have evolved to be a vibrant, dynamic and effective force with numerous achievements to its credit.
Lunglei district is geographically the biggest district among all the 8(eight) districts of Mizoram. It is located at 22.30-23.18N Latitude and 92.15E-93.10E Longitude and has an area of 4536 Sq.Km with a population of 1,61,428 according to 2011 Census (Male-82,891; Female-78,537). It has a 107kms long International boundary with Bangladesh in the West and 31kms with Myanmar in the East. It is home to 161 villages according to the latest Census.
Hnahthial District was bifurcated from Lunglei District on 17/07/2019.
II. ORGANISATIONAL SET-UP
Lunglei DEF is headed by a Superintendent of Police who is assisted by an Addl. SP and Dy. SP (Hqrs.). There are two police sub-divisions viz., Lunglei Sub-Division and Tlabung Sub-Division each headed by a Sub-Divisional Police Officer. There are 4 (four) Police Stations and 1 (one) Police Outpost. Lunglei PS and Hrangchalkawn OP are under the jurisdiction of SDPO, Lunglei. Tlabung PS, Lungsen PS and Bunghmun PS are under the jurisdiction of SDPO, Tlabung. In addition to this, there is an unsanctioned Lunglei traffic Branch created from the existing staff of Lunglei Police Station, Crime Against Women Cell. Anti Human Trafficking Unit and Special Juvenile Police Unit are also actively functioning in the District.
III. FUNCTIONS AND RESPONSIBILITIES
- To promote and preserve public order:
- To prevent and detect crime;
- To investigate crime;
- To identify problems and situations that are likely to result in the commission of crimes;
- To reduce the opportunities for the commission of crimes through preventive patrol and other appropriate police measures;
- To aid and cooperate with other relevant agencies in implementing appropriate measures for prevention of crime;
- To aid individuals who are in danger of physical harm;
- To create and maintain a feeling of security in the district;
- To facilitate orderly movement of people and vehicles;
- To provide other appropriate services and afford relief to people in distress situations;
- To counsel intelligence relating to matters affecting public peace and crime, including social and economic offences, and national integrity and security.
- To collect intelligence relating to matters affecting public peace and crime, including social and economic offences, and national integrity and Security.
IV. UNIT WELFARE MEASURES
Lunglei DEF Unit places great emphasis on the welfare of its staff and their families. Monthly Deductions are made from the salaries of the staff as per their respective ranks which forms the welfare Fund. Such contributions are utilized for emergency loans and other welfare of the staff as and when the need arises. In the unfortunate event when any of the staff of Lunglei DEF Passes away cash amounting to Rs. 50,000/- is given to his/her family from the welfare Fund as condolence.